Message from Editor
The Universal Academic Research Journal (TUARA) provides authentic, peer-refereed articles on all dimensions of education, with a particular stress on studies that contribute to a general perception among research specialists, theoreticians, policy-makers and education professionals including principals and teachers. The Universal Academic Research Journal (TUARA) enrich the field with the contributions made by investigating various educational systems and cultures allowing sustained detailed negotiation of universal educational theory, policy and practice.Each paper published in The Universal Academic Research Journal (TUARA) is assigned a DOI® (https://doi.org/10.55236/tuara) number and ORCID code.
TUARA journal use Anonymous Peer Review process.
Anonymous Peer Review – Content is reviewed by external reviewers and the author’s identity is unknown to the reviewer. A double-blind peer-review process is where both the reviewer and the author remain anonymous throughout the process. Anonymous peer-review process employing at least two reviewers with scholarly affiliation is preferred.
TUARA Journal is under process of indexing in ERIC (Watching process) database in 2022.
OPEN ACCESS STATEMENT
TUARA is committed to real and immediate open access for academic work. All of the TUARA's articles and reviews are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There are no charge for any reader to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use.
Budapest Open Access Initiative
An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.
For various reasons, this kind of free and unrestricted online availability, which we will call open access, has so far been limited to small portions of the journal literature. But even in these limited collections, many different initiatives have shown that open access is economically feasible, that it gives readers extraordinary power to find and make use of relevant literature, and that it gives authors and their works vast and measurable new visibility,readership, and impact. To secure these benefits for all, we call on all interested institutions and individuals to help open up access to the rest of this literature and remove the barriers, especially the price barriers, that stand in the way. The more who join the effort to advance this cause, the sooner we will all enjoy the benefits of open access.
The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment. Primarily, this category encompasses their peer-reviewed journal articles, but it also includes any unreviewed preprints that they might wish to put online for comment or to alert colleagues to important research findings. There are many degrees and kinds of wider and easier access to this literature. By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.
While the peer-reviewed journal literature should be accessible online without cost to readers, it is not costless to produce. However, experiments show that the overall costs of providing open access to this literature are far lower than the costs of traditional forms of dissemination. With such an opportunity to save money and expand the scope of dissemination at the same time, there is today a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations, and others to embrace open access as a means of advancing their missions. Achieving open access will require new cost recovery models and financing mechanisms, but the significantly lower overall cost of dissemination is a reason to be confident that the goal is attainable and not merely preferable or utopian.
To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, we recommend two complementary strategies.
I. Self-Archiving: First, scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly called, self-archiving. When these archives conform to standards created by the Open Archives Initiative, then search engines and other tools can treat the separate archives as one. Users then need not know which archives exist or where they are located in order to find and make use of their contents.
II. Open-access Journals: Second, scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access. Because journal articles should be disseminated as widely as possible, these new journals will no longer invoke copyright to restrict access to and use of the material they publish. Instead they will use copyright and other tools to ensure permanent open access to all the articles they publish. Because price is a barrier to access, these new journals will not charge subscription or access fees, and will turn to other methods for covering their expenses. There are many alternative
TUARA license agreement
Distance and Open Learning
Educational Technology & Globalization
Human Resources In Educational Technology
Improving Classroom Teaching
Innovation and Change In Education
Interactive Learning Environment
Life Long Learning and Technology
Pedagogical and Practical Issues
Professional Development & Teacher Training
Elemantary Teacher Education
College and Higher Education
Curriculum and Instruction
Development of Science Competencies
Education and Culture
High School Teacher Education
Human Rights Education
Language Learning and Teaching
Language Teacher Education
Learning and Teaching
Guiding and Counseling
Measurement and Evaluation in Education
Middle School Teacher Education
New Learning Environments
Primary School Education
Social Sciences Teaching
Sport and Physical Education
The author(s) warrant that the manuscript submitted is his/her/their own original research.
All participated authors in this work take public responsibility and have approved that the manuscript has not been sent any other journal for publication.
All matter included in the manuscript does not violate any existing copyright rules and any intellectual property rights of any person or entity.
The manuscript meets ethical standards applicable to the research discipline.
All peer review publications will be refereed in double-blind review process by at least two international reviewers with expertise in the relevant subject area. Book, Software and Website Reviews will not be reviewed, but the editors reserve the right to refuse or edit review.
During review process we use iThenticate plagiarism software. The authors should scan with iThenticate plagiarism or other plagiarism software of their manuscripts before submitting.
Review process cannot begin in case of failure or missing any of the requirements mentioned in this journal such as detailed biostatement by author or any kind of typing mistake in the submission form, etc.
The journal staffs never check the submitted data and notify back the author.
The submitter must provide and maintain all requirements during the evaluation process.
If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
Author commits all conditions by sending the manuscript.
Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content, on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.