Resources for ELLs in International Schools: A Non-profit and For-profit Comparison

Volume 3 Issue1 (January 2021)
Clayton W. Lehman
Pages: 38-50 Download Count : 882 View Count: 1968 DOI Number 10.17220/tuara.2021.01.5 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


The number of for-profit international schools is rising as the international school market continues to grow. While traditionally being non-profit and serving expatriates, international school enrollment now predominately consists of locally enrolled students, many of whom are English language learners (ELLs). As the industry becomes more and more profit-driven, there is mounting concern about how much money is being reinvested back into the schools. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the provision of resources for working with ELLs between international schools in East Asia that are non-profit and for-profit. Areas explored include teacher preparation, digital media, instructional resources, library materials, and designated teaching space for working with ELLs. This quantitative survey-based study had 533 participants who were working in international schools in East Asia. The findings of this study revealed that instruction of ELLs in non-profit international schools tends to be less likely to be hindered due to a shortage or lack of resources for working with ELLs compared to for-profit international schools


  • International schools
  • ELLs
  • for-profit schools
  • non-profit schools
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