Volume 5 Issue 2 (July 2023)

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Fostering Secondary School Students’ Interest in Biology Using Numbered Heads Together Cooperative Instructional Strategy

Izunna S. Nwuba Sussan O. Egwu Opeyemi F. Awosika Abigail M. Osuafor
Pages: 48-56

The study investigated the effect of numbered heads together cooperative instructional strategy (NHT) on secondary school students’ interest in biology in Awka Education Zone. Two research questions and three null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance guided the study. The study is quasi-experimental research, adopting specifically the pretest posttest non-randomized control group of 2x2 factorial research design. 4755 senior secondary year two (SS2) students constituted the population. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to compose the sample size of 64 (21 males and 43 females) SS2 students. The sampled students who were in two intact classes were randomly assigned to experimental (23 girls and 10 boys) and control (20 girls and 11 boys) groups using a flip of a coin. A 20-item Biology students interest scale (BSIS), with five response options, developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The biology students interest scale was validated by three experts and with reliability index of 0.77 established using Cronbach alpha. Students in the experimental group was taught selected concepts in biology using NHT while those in the control group was taught the same concepts using Conventional Lecture Method (CLM). Mean and Standard deviation were used in answering the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study revealed that NHT is more effective in fostering students’ interest in biology than CLM. Gender had no significant influence on students’ interest in biology. Also, there was no interaction effect of teaching methods and gender on students’ interest in biology. The study therefore concluded that NHT is a gender friendly approach that fosters students’ interest in biology as it involves the group working together and every member of the team taking accountability of the group. Based on the findings, recommendations were made among which include that NHT should be adopted by biology teachers in schools to foster students’ interest in biology. ©TUARA Journal. All rights reserved

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Comparative Study of The Challenges of International Education Cooperation Programmes in Nigeria and Tanzania

Mukaddas Tijjani Mohammed
Pages: 57-64

International development partners provide support to African countries, but Africa has been the continent in which foreign education strategies implementation become a problem due to diverse cultural differences such as religion, population and languages. This study investigated challenges the encountered in the implementation of various international education cooperation programmes in Nigeria and Tanzania. Data is generated using E-questionnaires which was designed on 4-points Likert scale and sent to respondents in Nigeria and Tanzania. A total of 100 respondents from Nigeria and Tanzania constituted the sample for the study and Simple random sampling technique was employed in selecting the respondents. Descriptive statistics using and means was used to answer research questions and one-way t-test was also used for research hypothesis at 0.5 level of significant. The study revealed that the international education cooperation programmes are faced with various challenges in the implementation processes such as religious, cultural, environment, war, hunger and corruption. The study recommends that Relevant government departments in the recipient countries should be duly informed in the matters relating to international education cooperation programmes and should be involved in the designing of education programmes.

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Race and Ethnicity: A Comparison of Hiring Practices in For-profit and Non-profit International Schools in China

Clayton Lehman
Pages: 65-73

Over the years, there have been accusations of widespread discrimination in the hiring practices of various educational establishments in China, and it seems that these accusations are continuing to intensify. This research study aimed to explore race and ethnicity in the hiring process in K-12 international schools in China and provide data that can be used to discuss and further study race and ethnicity in international schools. Using the context of for-profit and non-profit international schools, the researcher used an observational quantitative research design to explore international school staff perceptions of racial demographics, hiring practices, and the projection of equal opportunity in the hiring process of foreign staff in China. This study revealed few statistically significant differences between for-profit and non-profit international schools in China in the areas mentioned above. Additionally, the data revealed similar percentages of blacks and whites between the survey participants and the demographic data for those groups in the United States. Further, the data showed that foreign administrators are the primary decision-making agents in the hiring process at most international schools. Furthermore, only one-fourth of the participants were aware that their school maintained an equal opportunity clause in the hiring document or on the school's website. The findings from this study may be used to counter accusations of widespread discrimination in the hiring practices of international schools in China and elsewhere. Further, findings from this study should motivate administrators of international schools to examine staff perceptions of the hiring process in their schools

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Competency and Performance of Certified Productive Teachers of Vocational High School

Anas Arfandi Celia Tri Pristya Devitha Fiskia Rera Baharuddin Purnamawati Abdul Muis Mappalotteng
Pages: 74-85

This study aims to describe and compare the competency and performance of productive teachers at Public Vocational High Schools in Kendari City. This research is a comparative descriptive quantitative study with descriptive statistical analysis and Kruskal-Wallis analysis for the comparative test. The number of samples was as many as 123 people who were determined using a purposive sampling technique based on certain criteria. The results of the study showed that there is no significant difference in the average competency of teachers based on certification, while there is a significant difference in the average performance of teachers based on certification, where teachers who have been certified through the PPG program have the highest average. The group of teachers who had been certified through the PLPG program had the second-highest average rank, while productive teachers who had not been certified had the lowest average competency. Furthermore, there is no significant difference in the average competency and performance of teachers based on tenure categories. Teachers with a working tenure of 0 to 15 years have a higher average performance than teachers with a working tenure of 16 to 25 years. Teachers with a working tenure of 26 to 40 years have the highest average performance

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Leader-Member Exchange and Abusive Supervision as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being

Collins I. Nnaebue Nneka I. Nwangwu Helen C. Okeke Ikechukwu C. Idimmachukwu
Pages: 86-98

This study investigated leader-member exchange (LMX) and abusive supervision (AbS) as predictors of psychological well-being (PWB) among bankers. Participants were 299 bank employees consisting of hundred and thirty (130) males (40.5%) and one hundred and sixty-nine (169) female (59.5%). Their ages ranged from 26-54years with a mean age of 40.5 and a standard deviation of 8.51. The study adopted correlation design and multiple regression statistics to analyze the data from structured questionnaires administered to 320 bankers selected from randomly selected banks in Awka South Local Government Area. Psychological well-being scale, Leader-member exchange scale, and Abusive supervision scale were used as instruments for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested anchored on psychodynamic theory to explain the relationship among variables under study. The results revealed that the first hypothesis confirmed LMX significantly predicted PWB at R2 = .156 (15.6%), F (16.41) = .001 p<.05. The second hypothesis confirmed that AbS which significantly predicted PWB at R2 = .156 (15.6%), F (16.41) = .001 p<.05. The third hypothesis revealed that LMX and AbS jointly predicted PWB. The study recommends that both private sector and public sector organizations should take proactive organizational measures to reduce the abusive supervision and embark on sensitization workshops to enlighten management on the dangers of the menace.

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Adoption of Gaming as an Alternative Educational Tool Among Japanese Youth

Armando Moreno del Castillo
Pages: 99-104

There are few areas in our daily lives that have not been changed by the rapid growth of technology. Like many others, education has seen some of its effects and with other factors such as the Coronavirus, many teachers and institutions have been forced to change their pedagogical methodologies. A combination of the technological advances and the new methodologies has been reflected in the use of video games as educational tools across the world. This text will try to explore the question of adopting gaming into education in Japan. Explore its possible benefits by measuring the test results of students in different stages of their educational lives from primary to tertiary education. The goals of this paper are to try to find if there is a noticeable difference and benefit from this new type of pedagogical approach. How does Japan compare to other countries regarding the adoption of gaming as an educational tool? What are the student’s opinions and sentiments towards it with the objective of providing the best possible result in students’ motivation? The results found through observational data show some promising prospects in the adoption of gaming as an educational tool, but also some of the lack of technology adoption and the negative image that gaming has in Japan.

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The Evaluation of the Students about the Quality of Courses during the Pandemic Time Due To Wearing Face Masks and Social Distance

Rahman Tafahomi
Pages: 105-116

The pandemic condition changed the style of teaching and learning in the wide world. Particularly some measurements such as warning masks and social distance influenced the quality of the education in higher education. A five-scale Likert questionnaire was designed to ask the architecture students to evaluate the quality of the delivery of the theoretical courses in the department. SPSS was applied to analyze data with quantitative methods. The results revealed that the students were generally satisfied with the courses' quality and delivery methods. However, the Chi-square analysis demonstrated that just a few factors were associated with the quality of the delivery of the courses and other factors did not statistically associate with the evaluation of the students. In conclusion, the students evaluate the quality of the teaching in a holistic approach and apparently contextual factors influence the students' judgment during the pandemic time of teaching and learning.

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The Analysis of the Women's Education Centers in the Ottoman Empire Through the Novels

Pages: 117-128

Literary texts help the social structure to be understood and be commented on. We can find the interest of the individual and the society not only in the fictional texts like novels and stories but also in memoirs. Compared to novels and stories, memoirs can even be more plausible in the contexts of place, time and person. They present the relevant time, event or person more realistically and in a detailed way. Literary works will be studied in this research with aim of understanding the social structure and life style from the perspective of women's education places. Different spaces can be found in the Ottoman Empire where knowledge-sharing and communication web exist. Coffee-houses, mosques, public baths, picnic areas, beer-houses can be the examples for these spaces. If we touch upon these spaces from the perspective of women in detail, it would be true to say that educational spaces take the forefront in knowledge sharing. In this study, women’s education centers in the Ottoman Empire are examined through novels and memoirs. The spaces of women’s education in Müfide Ferti Tek’s novels “Aydemir” and “Pervaneler" (Moths) and Halide Edip Adıvar’s memoir “Mor Salkımlı Ev” (The House with Purple Wisteria) are touched upon in the research. This article is a qualitative study in terms of its methods

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