Volume 5 Issue 1 (January 2023)

January 2023

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Developing Creative Writing Skills in EFL Students: An Action Research

Vidhya Pokhrel
Pages: 1-10

This research offers the scenario of developing creative writing skills in a real EFL context. As creative writing is one of the important skills to be developed in students, this research aims to intervene action plans in the EFL class to develop students’ creative writing skills. Action research was used as a method for the research and the research has been guided by action learning theory.With the help of different activities developed as an action plan, students were involved in writing tasks and the data were collected from the observations. Students’ behavior was studied while they were involved in creative writing activities. Findings give the rendering of the effectiveness of using creative writing skills in EFL class. The use of different activities and their details are the portrayals of the classroom realm which demonstrates the possibility of creative writing as a powerful tool to develop the writing skills of students

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Perception and Expectations of Newly Enrolled Students from The Optometry Profession: A Study from Northern India

Anam Ali Mosaib Omaer Pradeep Agarwal Lokesh Chauhan
Pages: 11-16

This study provides information regarding the perception and expectations of newly enrolled optometry students in the optometry profession. It’s a questionnaire-based study. The data was collected through an online questionnaire from students of different optometry colleges. 152 students responded to the questionnaire, majority of students 91(59.9%) selected Optometry as a first choice. The majority of students 93(61.2%) know that optometrist can work as a researcher. 80 (52.6%) feels they should get a salary between 25000 – 35000 Indian national rupees (339.63 – 475.48 US$) after completing the four years optometry programme. Our study shows newly enrolled students are aware about optometry profession and its scope however areas like salary expectations and language skills are concerned areas in students

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Availability and Use of Visual Teaching and Learning Materials in Teaching Geography at Nassarawa Education Zonal Office

Ahmad Said Abubakar Zainab Bello Ali Hussain Nura Isyaku Bello
Pages: 17-26

The present study aimed at finding out if there are adequate visual teaching and learning materials for teaching Geography in Nasarawa Local Government Area of Kano State, and if these materials were been effectively and judiciously utilized by the teachers in teaching geography. The population of the study covers five secondary schools from five wards in Nasarawa L.G.A where a sample of 25 geography teachers both male and female was drawn. A questionnaire was used for the data collection while the data collected were analysed using the frequency and percentage distribution Table. The gathered data shown that visual materials were inadequate for the effective teaching of geography in Nasarawa L.G.A and the few available visual materials have not been effectively and judiciously utilized in teaching geography. The study has made certain recommendations that important visual materials like barometer, thermometer, rain gauge, wind vane, computers, projectors, and geography laboratory should be provided for the effective teaching and learning of geography, and the government should ensure that seminars and workshops are organized regularly for geography teachers to update and sensitize them of the importance of using visual materials and motivate them towards discharging their duties effectively

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Unleash the Untaught Learning Competencies through Online, Shareable, and Offline Video Lectures in the Philippines

Sherwin P. Batilantes
Pages: 27-38

The study aimed to determine the benefits of Project OSO: Online, Shareable, and Offline video lectures to seventh-grade students during the Flipped Classroom implementation to resolve the untaught mathematics learning competencies before the school year ended. The study employed the experimental research design with three groups. Using the cluster random sampling technique, these three groups were selected from the seventh-grade population as respondents and were randomly assigned with the three proposed interventions named Project OSO. These three groups underwent the same set of questionnaires as pre-test and post-test before and after the interventions. These 40-item multiple-choice research instruments were evaluated, reviewed and quality assured by an expert panel of evaluators using the conducted pilot testing and the generated Cronbach alpha index. The study's findings revealed that learners' test scores differed significantly among the three groups based on one-way ANOVA. However, the Tukey post hoc test showed that the Flipped Online group differed substantially from the Flipped Shareable and Offline groups. Consequently, Project OSO was considered a valuable resource in the Flipped Classroom implementation and highly recommended for instructing learners when the teacher was out due to school-related functions among these three video lectures platforms. These platforms were the flipped online, flipped shareable, and flipped offline video lectures that the learners could probably learn at their own pace, anytime and anywhere

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Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem as Determinants of Students’ Interest in Introductory Technology in Anambra State, Nigeria

Lucy N. Okafor Mary N. Nwikpo Elizabeth I. Anierobi Chinazor C. Onwuka
Pages: 39-47

Despite the importance of introductory technology as vocational subjects and the basis of STEM education, students’ interest in the subject is not encouraging as many students have erroneous conception of the subject. Given this situation, this study investigated the self-esteem and self-efficacy as determinants of students’ interest introductory technology. Anchored on social cognitive theory, the study adopted a factorial design and 2-Way analysis of variance as design and statistical tool to examine the effects of self-esteem and self-efficacy on students’ interests in Introductory Technology. The sample of this study consist of 478 junior secondary II students (221 males, 257 females) whose ages ranged from 11 to 15yrs with a mean age of 12.50years and standard deviation of 1.20. Multi-stage sampling method was used in selecting the sample for the study. Data were collected with Interest Scale, Index of self-esteem scale and Self-efficacy scale. The result revealed that the observed mean difference in the students’ interest in Introductory Technology among students with high and low self-esteem was significant at F(3, 478) = 15.9, p < .05. Also, the mean difference in the students’ interest in Introductory Technology among students with high and low self-efficacy was significant at F(3, 478) = 12.0, p < .05. Equally findings revealed that there is interaction effect between self-esteem and self-efficacy on students’ interest in Introductory Technology at F(3, 478) = 7.5, p < .05. Findings imply that that self-esteem and self-efficacy impacted students’ interest in introductory technology subject. It is recommended that school management consider adoption of extra-curricular activities aimed at improving social skill competence of students to enhance students’ self-esteem and self-efficacy

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